De Novo Precursor B-Lymphoblastic Leukemia/Lymphoma With Double-Hit Gene Rearrangements (MYC/BCL-2) Presented With Spinal Cord Compression and Acquired Factor XIII Deficiency

Dina Sameh Soliman, Ahmad Al-Sabbagh, Feryal Ibrahim, Shehab Fareed, Mohamed Talaat, Mohamed A. Yassin


Double-hit lymphomas (DHLs) are aggressive mature B-cell neoplasms associated with rearrangements involving MYC and B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2). Such DH events are extremely rare in B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), especially in young adults. A 29-year-old male patient initially presented to emergency department with right mandibular mass of 2 months duration associated with intermittent fever. Laboratory workup revealed very high lactate dehydrogenase at 2,026.0 U/L. Peripheral blood revealed pancytopenia with many circulating blasts (about 77%). Bone marrow (BM) aspirate revealed infiltration with many small sized blasts of very high nucleocytoplasmic ratio, finely dispersed nuclear chromatin and prominent nucleoli. The BM biopsy reflected marked hypercellularity with diffuse replacement by sheets of blasts, positive for TdT, PAX-5, CD10, cMYC, BCL-2 and CD20 with Ki-67 > 90%. Flow cytometry on BM revealed a precursor B-immunophenotype (CD45 (dim), CD19, CD10, Tdt and CD20). The blasts are negative for cytoplasmic and surface IgM. Cytogenetics revealed complex karyotype: 46,XY,del(6)(q21q23),t(8;22)(q24.1;q11.2),t(14;18)(q32;q21)(20). A diagnosis of B-lymphoblastic leukemia/lymphoma with t(8;22)(q24.1;q11.2) and t(14;18)(q32;q21) was made. Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis revealed an abnormal hybridization signal pattern for CDKN2A probe, indicating biallelic (homozygous) deletion of the short arm of chromosome 9 (9p) in 94% of the cells analyzed. The patient had severe life-threatening bleeding despite of normal prothrombin time (PT) and activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT) due to acquired factor XIII deficiency, an overlooked rare coagulopathy disorder. In addition, the patient developed acute sudden onset paraplegia, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of spine showed acute cord compression which necessitated emergency radiotherapy after which chemotherapy was started on hyper-CVAD (hyperfractionated cyclophosphamide, vincristine, adriamycin, and dexamethasone) protocol. MRI showed dramatic resolution of the mass. Very few cases of B-ALL with DH rearrangement with true precursor B-cell phenotype (positivity for TdT with negativity for surface light chain) have been reported. Many of these had frequent central nervous system (CNS) involvement, with complex karyotypes, highly aggressive course, with short survival of less than 1 year. This case however showed very good response to treatment. In contrary to DHL, de novo B-ALL with double-hit rearrangements is more prevalent in pediatrics and young adults. Although most of reported cases represent transformation of follicular lymphoma, our patient’s young age, acute onset and absent lymphadenopathies all support de novo ALL.

J Hematol. 2017;6(2-3):62-67


Double hit B-ALL; MYC; BCL-2; Acquired FXIII deficiency

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics






Journal of Hematology, bimonthly, ISSN 1927-1212 (print), 1927-1220 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:    editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.