Treatment of Light Chain Deposition Disease: A Systematic Review

Adeel Masood, Hamid Ehsan, Qamar Iqbal, Ahmed Salman, Hamza Hashmi

Abstract


Light chain deposition disease (LCDD) is a rare hematologic disorder that can affect any organ but predominantly involves the kidneys. Existing literature is limited to case reports and small single-center retrospective series, explaining the lack of any treatment algorithms and management guidelines for patients with this disorder. In this systematic review of literature, we explored the role of standard and high-dose chemotherapy-autologous stem cell transplant for LCDD. A total of 11 studies were identified to evaluate the hematologic and renal responses to various treatment regimens. Autologous stem cell transplant and bortezomib-based regimens appear to have reasonable safety and efficacy for this rare hematologic disorder, albeit some statistical and analytical limitations. Large multicenter retrospective and prospective studies are needed to better elucidate the role of various chemotherapy regimens as well as autologous stem cell transplant for patients with LCDD.




J Hematol. 2022;11(4):123-130
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jh1038

Keywords


Light chain deposition disease; Bortezomib; Autologous stem cell transplant; Lenalidomide; Thalidomide

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Journal of Hematology, bimonthly, ISSN 1927-1212 (print), 1927-1220 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                            
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