Unexpected Neurological Symptoms of Ruxolitinib: A Case Report

Francesca Furia, Maria P. Canevini, Augusto B. Federici, Maria C. Carraro


Ruxolitinib is a highly potent JAK2 inhibitor approved for the treatment of myelofibrosis (idiopathic or post-polycythemia vera or post-essential thrombocythemia) and, more recently, for polycythemia vera with an inadequate response to or intolerant of hydroxyurea. The most common adverse events of ruxolitinib include immunosuppression with an increased risk of reactivation of silent infections and increased non-melanoma skin cancer. The known neurological side effects of ruxolitinib are dizziness and headache, but no neurological paroxysmal episodes have been recorded. This report deals with an 80-year-old outpatient woman with polycythemia vera turned into myelofibrosis who experienced neurological episodes of hypoesthesia and weakness of right arm and leg during ruxolitinib treatment.

J Hematol. 2020;9(4):137-139
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jh642


Ruxolitinib; Polycythemia vera; Myelofibrosis

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