A Rare Variant of Aggressive T-Cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia Associated With Hepatic Fibrosis and Trisomy 8: A Case Report and Literature Review

Sanjay de Mel, Benjamin Wong, Leena Gole, Siok Bian Ng, Evelyn Koay, Christopher Ng Wai Siong, Ju Ee Seet, Aileen Wee, Wee Joo Chng, Lip Kun Tan

Abstract


Aggressive T-cell large granular lymphocytic leukemia (T-LGL) is a rare entity with a poor prognosis, the main clinical findings being splenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, thrombocytopenia and a CD3+/CD56+ phenotype. A 21-year-old lady presented with hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, “B” symptoms and thrombocytopenia. She subsequently developed jaundice, ascites and deranged liver function. LGL was detected in the peripheral blood and marrow. They had an aberrant CD3+/CD4-/CD8dim/CD56+ phenotype. Karyotyping showed trisomy 8 which has not previously been reported in aggressive T-LGL. A liver biopsy showed hepatic fibrosis with a sinusoidal LGL infiltrate. Her ascitic fluid also showed involvement by T-LGL. She had a poor response to cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone (CHOP) chemotherapy and opted for palliation. We performed targeted sequencing to detect mutations in the STAT3, STAT5b and PTPRT genes which were absent, suggesting the presence of an alternative genetic driver in our patient. We report an unusual case of aggressive T-LGL with an aberrant immunophenotype, trisomy 8 and hepatic fibrosis with absence of mutations in the STAT pathway. Our case describes novel features of aggressive T-LGL and the need for further studies to elucidate the genetic basis of this rare disease.




J Hematol. 2015;4(3):214-218
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jh223w


Keywords


Large granular lymphocyte; Leukemia; Hepatic perisinusoidal fibrosis; CD56; Trisomy 8

Full Text: HTML PDF
 
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe


 

     

Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board

Archives

Copyright

Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction

Permissions

Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing

ICMJE

Ownership

Instructions to Authors

Access

Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist

Reprints

Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy

Disclaimer

Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians

Careers

Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal

       
       

Journal of Hematology, quarterly, ISSN 1927-1212 (print), 1927-1220 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC BY-NC 4.0)



This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.thejh.org    editorial contact: editor@thejh.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada
 

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

IMPORTANT: THIS JOURNAL SITE OUTLOOK IS DESIGNED BY THE PUBLISHER AND COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. DO NOT COPY!